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Make a wish list for gifts, suggest standard repertoire, let students know which books to buy, boast about pieces you've mastered: Music Lists are as unique as the musician! Easily share your music lists with friends, students, and the world. Adding the chords would not only help guitar lovers, but piano players.
Heavenly Highway Hymns: Shaped-Note Hymnal by Brentwood Benson (Hardback, 1983)
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Email address: optional. Review Guidelines Explain exactly why you liked or disliked the product. Do you like the artist? Is the transcription accurate? Is it a good teaching tool? Consider writing about your experience and musical tastes. A third influence upon Bill Monroe and the rest of his generation was the music of the day, home-delivered through the new technologies of phonograph and radio. For the first time in history, rural dwellers could readily be exposed to the techniques of white and black performers in a variety of styles: folk and original music; popular ditties from Tin Pan Alley, minstrel shows and vaudeville; and, at least indirectly, the operatic sounds of singers like Jenny Lind or Enrico Caruso.
All these influences found their way into the ears and out of the mouths of Bill Monroe and his contemporaries, as they created bluegrass singing techniques through the methods of trial and error, mix and match. Largely because Bill Monroe self-trained his adult voice into a tenor range, bluegrass songs are pitched in higher keys than those used in other genres — such as folk, country, cowboy, pop, blues, or gospel — where the same song material is likely to be found.
Whatever their gender or vocal part, bluegrass singers are likely to be vocalizing at the upper reaches of their range. Bluegrass singers hardly ever use vibrato a slight and rapid variation in pitch for coloration. As generations of artists have proven, virtually any song can be performed in bluegrass style. Bluegrass songs are also distinguished by characteristic methods of solo and harmony singing, and by particular types of vocal arrangements.
Heavenly Highway Hymns (Large Print Edition Blue) - jaisowatding.tk
Bluegrass vocal styles can be categorized into four essential types. Most bluegrass singers can easily be classified within one quadrant of the resulting matrix:. Belting Production Belting singing styles arose prior to the invention of microphones. In order to be heard across long distances and over loud instruments, singers had to produce loud and forceful tones.
Crooning Production Microphones and sound amplification technology were invented beginning in the s and to this day continue to be refined and improved.
Access to the new equipment facilitated changes in instrumentation. String basses replaced tubas at the low end, and electric guitars replaced tenor banjos at the high end. Likewise, singers rejoiced that their words could finally be understood, at a whisper or a roar, without having to yell. Crooners use the microphone, subtle shadings, and ornamentation to add emotional depth to their singing. Rural Inflection People growing up in isolated areas develop distinctive ways of speaking and of singing.
Rural-type singers tend to be influenced by the sounds of classic country and gospel music. Singers with international accents are becoming more common in the worldwide bluegrass scene, and I would include them in this category as well.
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If one vocal part sounds good, two can sound even better. This line of reasoning led to styles of harmonizing that wound up in bluegrass.
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Brother duets were efficient musical organizations. The two members, most but not all related by blood, typically played mandolin and guitar or two guitars, and sang songs entirely in harmony or in solo verses and harmony choruses. Brother duets were the rage during the era in which bluegrass first arose. Those brother duet styles survive intact within the fuller instrumental context of bluegrass. Several later brother-duet acts — contemporary with bluegrass — also contributed many songs to the bluegrass canon.
Because duets incorporate only one harmony line, the tenor singer has great freedom to choose harmonizing notes that are close the third or the fourth above the lead or more widely separated the fifth, sixth, or seventh above.
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The listener and aspiring singer can choose from a wealth of wonderful recorded duets. Every rule has exceptions, and two are found in material bluegrass borrows from country music. The lead voice sings a solo phrase and the harmony voice s immediately follow s with the same phrase, or one that extends it or responds. Early bluegrass and the old-time southern-mountain vocal styles that preceded it were characterized by solos and duets. In the s, Bill Monroe began experimenting with occasional three-voice choruses.
In the years since, most bluegrass acts have included trios in their stage shows and recordings. Trios add variety to those performances, and showcase the wealth of vocal talent in a band. Compared to the large number of famous duets, a relatively small number of trios have established legendary status. That trend appears to be reversing with the millennium, however.
Modern bands are rediscovering lost styles and the comparatively greater freedom of the duet for creative arrangements. Because the majority of chords used in bluegrass accompaniment are based on three-note triads, a vocal trio with each member singing a different tone of the triad is the simplest way to create a full, pleasing, and consonant harmony.
Conversely, part-doubling, i.
A standard bluegrass trio places the melody in the middle, with a tenor line above and a baritone line below. Vocal groups choose a stack by assessing the ranges of their singers. If the lead melody singer has a particularly low voice, they might want or need to go to a high-baritone trio for that song.
If the lead is a female or a strikingly high-voiced male and the harmony singers are male, the high-lead trio is indicated. As you might guess, there are exceptions and creative variations to the three vocal stacks described above. That style is occasionally heard in bluegrass. Three singers are not always better than one or two. If you are starting out in a bluegrass band or in jam sessions, resist the tendency to make every song a trio.
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- Heavenly Highway Hymns (First Edition).
Ask yourself whether the third voice adds a pleasing dimension to the sound or whether it just crowds the tenor into a less-interesting choice of harmony notes. Also, take the time to make sure that each singer is singing a different note from the others at all times. That problem can usually be solved by having the baritone singer cross over the lead, or by adjusting a few notes that the lead or tenor might sing differently in a duet.
Barbershop repertoires and harmonies had little influence in the development of bluegrass music. On the other hand, a huge amount of religious material from both white and black singing traditions lives on in bluegrass gospel quartets.